On Mon, Feb 27, 2023 at 6:36 PM Chet Ramey <chet.ramey(a)case.edu> wrote:
On 2/27/23 5:01 PM, Dan Cross wrote:
On Mon, Feb 27, 2023 at 4:42 PM Chet Ramey
On 2/27/23 4:22 PM, Dan Cross wrote:
On Mon, Feb 27, 2023 at 4:16 PM Chet Ramey <chet.ramey(a)case.edu> wrote:
> On 2/27/23 4:01 PM, segaloco wrote:
>> The official Rust book lists a blind script grab from a website piped into a
shell as their "official" install mechanism.
> Well, I suppose if it's from a trustworthy source...
> (Sorry, my eyes rolled so hard they're bouncing on the floor right now.)
I find this a little odd. If I go back to O'Reilly books from the
early 90s, there was advice to do all sorts of suspect things in them,
Sure. My sense is that the world is a less trustworthy place today, that
there are more bad actors out there, and that promoting unsafe practices
like this does little good. If practices like this become the norm (and
they have), it gets very easy to trick someone (or worse, compromise the
server and replace the script with something that does just a little bit
extra). Blindly executing code you get from elsewhere as root isn't a
FTR, you don't usually do this as root, as by default `rustup`
installs into $HOME.
You seem to be concentrating on `rustup', which is fine, it's your
Huh? Rustup is the context that this came up in:
| On Mon, Feb 27, 2023 at 4:16 PM Chet Ramey <chet.ramey(a)case.edu> wrote:
| > On 2/27/23 4:01 PM, segaloco wrote:
| > The official Rust book lists a blind script grab from a website
piped into a shell as their "official" install mechanism.
| Well, I suppose if it's from a trustworthy source...
| (Sorry, my eyes rolled so hard they're bouncing on the floor right now.)
But just because you don't run `sudo sh'
`rustup' doesn't mean there aren't a disturbingly large number of
installers -- or whatever -- for which that is the recommended workflow.
Nor does the fact that `rustup' is a safe example mean that this is a safe
practice in general. I posit that it's a bad idea in general to blindly
run scripts you download from the Internet, and it's especially bad to
do it as root. Depending on how you accept risk, you can choose to do
things about it, but that's often not part of recommendations.
I cannot help but point out that this is moving the goalposts somewhat
from the specific context that I was responding to. If we're now
talking about things in general then I agree with you.
sure how this is any less safe than downloading, say, a
tarball and running the contained `configure` script, except that in
the latter case one at least has the chance to look at the script
Yeah, but with configure you don't want to. :-).
In any case, if you want
to, you can have a workflow where you rebuild configure yourself.
This is true, but then there's the autotools source stuff that you've
got to inspect as well, and on and on. Taken to its logical
conclusion, we're reading the source for the package (which, if one
has time, isn't necessarily a bad idea).
I think in the end, running any software package involves taking a
calculated risk in a number of dimensions: there's the obvious
correctness and security aspects, but also legal aspects with respect
to licensing and patents and so forth. For whatever it's worth, a lot
of people have decided that running a script downloaded from some HTTP
server somewhere is acceptable to them, provided it's decently
well-known and so on. Or perhaps they just cargo-cult it and don't
really think about it, which (I think) hews closer to the argument
that folks here have been making.
Look at the compromises the Python community has been
recently, involving replacing common packages on well-known repository
sites with malicious ones.
That seems like an issue that is independent of the delivery mechanism.
I suppose it's workflow-dependent. If your workflow for python development
involves using open-source components (ctx, pytorch, etc.) you get from
some repository like PyPI, you're going to be susceptible to attacks like
Indeed, supply-chain attacks both for software and hardware are
something that the industry generally hasn't given due consideration.
I think that's (slowly) changing. Hopefully we'll see more risk
analysis with respect to this going forward. Maybe the rustup folks
will even change; I've put an inquiry out.
- Dan C.