[TUHS] Future Languages (was Pascal not Favorite...)

Chris Torek torek at torek.net
Sat Sep 2 09:33:07 AEST 2017

>What I have found interesting, in the several Go projects I've
>been on, is how quickly people walk away from the CSP-like ideas
>(goroutines and chans) to all the old school shared memory
>techniques, mutexs, linked lists, and such, based on

Well, "Go channels are bad" :-)

Seriously, the above article is really quite good.  It shows you how
nice channels are, and also how annoying they are for real world

(There's also some annoyances colleagues using Go have hit, but I
have not actually used Go for anything.)

I was going to mention something that others have covered: TeX
papered over Pascal's inadequacies using Knuth's Tangle.  When you
ported the Pascal-ish TeX to your own system, you:

 - defined your system-specific methods of accessing files
 - defined your Pascal compiler's default-case keyword (`otherwise`
   or `else` or `default` or whatever it was)

and so on, in a system-specific file.  Tangle would read your
system-specific definitions, mix them in with the TeX source, and
produce a `.p` (or whatever name) file to compile.  It was like
having a somewhat klunky variant of the C preprocessor.

Along similar yet different lines ...

For current $job, I've been reading up on Rust.  There is a lot to
like here: it's like C++ in terms of compile time type safety, and
the language attempts, with lifetime declarations and annotations
and the idea of memory ownership, to guarantee memory safety and
even thread safety.

(The build system also handles versioning directly.  This seems to
be a big vacuum in the Go ecosystem.)

There is a lot to dislike too.  The syntax is klunky in several
places and there's a fair amount of bondage-and-discipline that
can be handled easily with appendages like ".unwrap", which is
fine but quite verbose.  The type and lifetime inference rules are
a bit arcane, and don't work for all the desirable cases.  (E.g.,
instead of C++'s solution that "x = &&(expr)" extends the lifetime
of the temporary holding the expression to the entire function,
Rust, well, just doesn't, and then complains that the expression
evaporates too soo, even though the reference to it evaporates
just a moment later, and holding the expression for just a bit
longer would have solved the problem.)

I'm not far enough along yet to decide how I feel overall, but it
is definitely a big *syntactic* improvement over C++ (which I am
also using for current $job), and the semantics actually seem less
klunky.  (C++17 is trying to improve this but they're painted into
many corners simultaneously, so adding allocator decorations and
better variable forwarding and so on is just nightmarish.  The
lvalue / rvalue / prvalue / glvalue / xvalue stuff, yikes.  All
because it's such a big deal to avoid copying heavy temporaries...)

(See: http://en.cppreference.com/w/cpp/language/value_category
especially the "since C++11" and "since C++17" sections)


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