Looking for rationale of fs naming conventions
mckusick at mckusick.com
Fri Sep 4 10:25:15 AEST 1998
From: "User Rdkeys Robert D. Keys" <rdkeys at seedlab1.cropsci.ncsu.edu>
Subject: Re: Looking for rationale of fs naming conventions
In-Reply-To: <199809011719.MAA15499 at fudge.uchicago.edu>
from Eric Fischer at "Sep 1, 98 12:19:07 pm"
To: eric at fudge.uchicago.edu (Eric Fischer)
Date: Tue, 1 Sep 1998 14:16:04 -0400 (EDT)
Cc: rdkeys at seedlab1.cropsci.ncsu.edu (User RDKEYS Robert D. Keys),
pups at minnie.cs.adfa.oz.au
Thanks Eric.... that sort of discussion makes my day, and feeds my
woefully short history folder, nicely! Does anything in print cover
this sort of thing in one place?
So much to learn....
The `diskpart' utility was used in 4.4BSD to organize disk partitions.
Its manual page tries to rationalize the use of partitions. I enclose
it below in case you do not have access to it.
DISKPART(8) BSD System Manager's Manual DISKPART(8)
diskpart - calculate default disk partition sizes
diskpart [-p] [-d] [-s size] disk-type
Diskpart is used to calculate the disk partition sizes based on the de-
fault rules used at Berkeley.
Available options and operands:
-p Tables suitable for inclusion in a device driver are pro-
-d An entry suitable for inclusion in the disk description file
/etc/disktab is generated; for example, disktab(5).
-s size The size of the disk may be limited to size with the -s op-
On disks that use bad144(8) type of bad-sector forwarding, space is nor-
mally left in the last partition on the disk for a bad sector forwarding
table, although this space is not reflected in the tables produced. The
space reserved is one track for the replicated copies of the table and
sufficient tracks to hold a pool of 126 sectors to which bad sectors are
mapped. For more information, see bad144(8). The -s option is intended
for other controllers which reserve some space at the end of the disk for
bad-sector replacements or other control areas, even if not a multiple of
The disk partition sizes are based on the total amount of space on the
disk as given in the table below (all values are supplied in units of
sectors). The `c' partition is, by convention, used to access the entire
physical disk. The device driver tables include the space reserved for
the bad sector forwarding table in the `c' partition; those used in the
disktab and default formats exclude reserved tracks. In normal opera-
tion, either the `g' partition is used, or the `d', `e', and `f' parti-
tions are used. The `g' and `f' partitions are variable-sized, occupying
whatever space remains after allocation of the fixed sized partitions.
If the disk is smaller than 20 Megabytes, then diskpart aborts with the
message ``disk too small, calculate by hand''.
Partition 20-60 MB 61-205 MB 206-355 MB 356+ MB
a 15884 15884 15884 15884
b 10032 33440 33440 66880
d 15884 15884 15884 15884
e unused 55936 55936 307200
h unused unused 291346 291346
If an unknown disk type is specified, diskpart will prompt for the re-
quired disk geometry information.
Most default partition sizes are based on historical artifacts (like the
RP06), and may result in unsatisfactory layouts.
When using the -d flag, alternate disk names are not included in the out-
The diskpart command appeared in 4.2BSD.
4th Berkeley Distribution June 6, 1993 2
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